|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Quiscalus||mexicanus||NA, LA||s USA through w, n SA|
Listen to the sound of Great-tailed Grackle
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||50||cm||wingspan max.:||58||cm|
|size min.:||38||cm||size max.:||46||cm|
|incubation min.:||13||days||incubation max.:||15||days|
|fledging min.:||20||days||fledging max.:||23||days|
Found in many kinds of open and semi-open country, mostly in the lowlands, including farmland, marshes, irrigated fields, suburban lawns, brushy areas. Avoids true desert situations but may be common around streams or ponds in dry country.
Nest: Site varies; usually in dense vegetation near water, including dense shrubs or low trees, but also in marsh or in tall trees. Often 2-
20′ above ground or water, but can be as high as 50′. Nest (built by female) is a bulky open cup made of twigs, grass, weeds, cattails, rushes,
lined with fine grass. Mud or manure often added to base of nest. Females may steal nest material from each other.
Eggs: 3-4, sometimes 5. Pale greenish blue, marked with brown, gray, and black. Incubation is by female, 13-14 days.
Young: Fed by female only. Young leave the nest about 3 weeks after hatching.
Diet is extremely varied; includes many insects, also spiders, millipedes, snails, crayfish, tadpoles, small fish, lizards, eggs and nestlings of other birds, and sometimes adult birds. Also eats a wide variety o
f seeds, waste grain, berries, fruit, and nuts.
Behavior: Forages mostly on the ground, or by wading in very shallow water. Also forages in trees and shrubs, especially searching for nests to rob. Generally feeds in flocks.