Tag: Tree Swallow

MICROBES IN TREE SWALLOW SEMEN

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 15 abstract A frequently hypothesized but poorly studied cost of multiple mating in birds is thatexposure to pathogenic sexually transmitted microbes (STM’s) can lower reproductive success.Conversely, female birds may benefit from high frequencies of copulation and multiple copulationpartners if they receive cloacal inoculations of beneficial STM’s that can either […]

Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) are breeding earlier at Creamer’s FieldMigratory Waterfowl Refuge, Fairbanks, AK

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 4 abstract We examined the average annual lay, hatch, and fledge dates of tree swallows(Tachycineta bicolor) breeding in Creamer’s Field Migratory Waterfowl Refuge inFairbanks, AK from 2000 through 2008. From 2000 to 2008, lay and hatch dateexhibited a significant negative relationship, indicating that the timing of swallowreproduction has advanced […]

Age-related differences in plumage characteristics of male treeswallows Tachycineta bicolor: hue and brightness signal differentaspects of individual quality

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 11 abstract Age-related differences in plumage characteristics of birds can be the result of differential survival of more ornamented individuals, within-individual changes in plumage attributes with age, or a combination of both. In this study, we investigated age-class related differences in plumage attributes of male tree swallows Tachycineta bicolor […]

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF TREE SWALLOW(TACHYCINETA BICOLOR) DISPERSAL IN SASKATCHEWAN

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 12 abstract Poor breeding success often increases dispersal, but there is conflicting evidenceabout the putative adaptive benefi ts of dispersal behavior. Thus, observational and experimentaldata were analyzed to test whether breeding success (number of young fl edging) infl uencedbreeding and natal dispersal by Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), using information […]

EFFECT OF BROOD SIZE MANIPULATION ON OFFSPRING PHYSIOLOGY: ANEXPERIMENT WITH PASSERINE BIRDS

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 14 abstract The environment experienced during ontogeny has a significant impact on the physiological condition of offspring. This, in turn, forecasts survival probabilities and future reproductive potential. Despite the prominent role that the concept of condition plays in evolutionary studies, the physiological and biochemical characters that define it remain […]

Transgenerational effects of maternal immunechallenge in tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 2 abstract The fact that avian eggs contain antibody of maternal origin is well documented, but only recently has this phenomenon been considered in an ecological context. We used tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) to examine the possibility of transgenerational immunity and its effect on nestling growth and immune development. […]

Tree swallow reproductive investment, stress, andparasites

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 17 abstract We reduced or increased tree swallow, Tachycineta bicolor (Vieillot, 1808), clutch sizes by three eggs (50% of modal clutch size) to test experimentally for relationships between stress and parasite loads. In the first year of the study (1996), we enumerated two measures of stress (granulocyte to non-granulocyte […]

A TEST OF AN ASSUMPTION OF DELAYED PLUMAGE MATURATION HYPOTHESES USING FEMALE TREE SWALLOWS

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 1 abstract Females, and not males, have delayed plumage maturation. The hypothesis that plumage differences are the result of differences in competitive abilities among individualsis tested by comparing brown and blue Tree Swallow females in terms of foraging abilities, as determined by the growth of nestlings under their care […]

Experimental heating reveals nest temperature affects nestling condition in tree swallows(Tachycineta bicolor)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Science Article 10 abstract Investment in one life-history stage can have delayed effects on subsequent life-history stages within a single reproductive bout. We experimentally heated tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) nests during incubation to test for effects on parental and nestling conditions. Females incubating in heated boxes maintained higher body condition and […]