Tag: all of Pica

The effect of nest usurpation on breeding success of the black-billed magpie Pica pica

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 4 abstract The breeding of some birds, such as raptors or owls that do not build theirown nest, is often limited by the availability of nests constructed by otherbird species. When breeding habitats substantially lack natural nest sites(e.g., cavities in trees or cli s), a strong conflict over the nest […]

Genetic, environmental and maternal effects on magpie nestling-fitness traits under different nutritional conditions: a new experimental approach

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 6 abstract Rearing full siblings under different environmental conditions allows partitioning of the totalphenotypic variance of a trait into its genetic and environmental components. This, in naturalbird populations, is usually achieved by cross-fostering experimental designs. We estimatedgenetic and environmental components Liesbeth De Neve et al, Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2004, 6: […]

Reduced immunocompetence of nestlings in replacement clutches of the European magpie (Pica pica)

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 1 abstract Laying date is one of the most important determinants of reproductive success and recruitment probability in birds. Late breeders usually fledge fewer chicks than individuals with earlier breeding dates, and fledglings produced late in the season have high mortality rates. Food availability and nestling mass have been evoked […]

Antagonistic antiparasite defenses: nest defense and egg rejection in the magpie host of the great spotted cuckoo

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 3 abstract Brood parasites dramatically reduce the reproductive success of their hosts, which therefore have developed defenses against brood parasites. The first line of defense is protecting the nest against adult parasites. When the parasite has successfully parasitized a host nest, some hosts are able to recognize and reject the […]

Is the communal roosting behaviour of the Magpie (Pica pica) wind dependent? An example from an isolated population in W Poland

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 5 abstract The Magpie is a residential non-migratorybird (Goodwin, 1986; Birkhead, 1991).Each pair of birds controls its own territoryall the year around. However, in winter thismonogamous bird sleeps in communal roosts.Birkhead (1991) discussed some of the mainideas, which may explain this behaviour. Pawel CZECHOWSKI, Leszek JERZAK, Piotr ZDUNIAK and Marcin […]

Maternal effects on offspring Igs and egg size in relationto natural and experimentally improved food supply

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 8 abstract Maternal effects have been suggested to function as a mechanism for transgenerational plasticity,in which the environment experienced by the mother is translated into the phenotype of the offspring.In birds and other oviparous vertebrates where early development is within the egg, mothersmay be able to improve the viability prospects […]

Maternal antibodies in a wild altricial bird: effects onoffspring immunity, growth and survival

Magpie (Pica pica) Science Article 11 abstract In many animals immunity is not fully developed until adulthood but the youngstill need protection against various sets of pathogens. Thus, bird nestlings are highlydependent on antibodies received from their mother (in the eggs) during their rapidearly growth period. MARJO PIHLAJA, HELI SIITARI and RAUNO V. ALATALO, Journal […]