Members of the genus Strix are the wood owls. They are medium to large owls, having a large, rounded head and no ear-tufts. The comparatively large eyes range from yellow through to dark brown. Colouring is generally designed fro camouflage in woodland, and a number of the member of this genus have colour phases. There are 20 species scattered practically throughout the globe with the exception of Australasia, the South Pacific and Madagascar, where the genus Ninox takes its place. There being no clear generic differences between Strix and Ciccaba genera, and DNA evidence suggesting very close relationships, many authorities now merge the latter into the former.
Listen to the sound of African Wood Owl
[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/STRIGIFORMES/Strigidae/sounds/African Wood Owl.mp3]
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||0||cm||wingspan max.:||0||cm|
|size min.:||30||cm||size max.:||36||cm|
|incubation min.:||30||days||incubation max.:||31||days|
|fledging min.:||33||days||fledging max.:||37||days|
Incubation requires about 31 days per egg. The eyes open at about 10 days after hatching, and the first plumage starts to push through the down at about the same time. The female broods the young closely for about three weeks, after which she joins the male at night in his hunting trips, which are never far from the nest.
The young will leave the nest and start branching at any time between 23 and 37 days. They will be flying well by 46 days after hatching, but will remain close to the nest and attended by the parents until they are about four months old.
Video African Wood Owl
copyright: Josep del Hoyo
The African Wood Owl or Woodfords Owl is quite common in most of its range, where there is suitable habitat, although it is, in common with all forest and woodland owls, very susceptible to loss from deforestation.
It is a strictly nocturnal species, spending the daylight hours in dense cover, either singly or in pairs. At night the birds often call from exposed perches, and at the top of the forest canopy.