The Yellow-eared Parrot is a highly distinctive bird in its own genus ognorhynchus. This Parrot (Ognorhynchus icterotis), is an endangered parrot of tropical America. It is found in the western Andes in Colombia and (perhaps only formerly) Ecuador and is closely associated to the wax palm Ceroxylon sp. which is itself endangered.
Listen to the sound of Yellow-eared Parrot
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
recorded by Nick Athanas
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Video Yellow-eared Parrot
Its range appears to be heavily restricted by the spread of exotic forest, and occurs only in native forest. It has suffered considerable habitat loss and fragmentation (90-93% of montane forest in Colombia) throughout its range; however several sizeable areas of habitat remain within its historic range, suggesting additional causes of decline. Wax palm mortality is accelerating and they suffer poor recruitment because cattle browse young trees, and logging in adjacent areas increases their susceptibility to disease. Wax palms are incredibly long-lived and slow-growing (mature individuals are over 500 years old), and are being unsustainably exploited for use in Palm Sunday celebrations within the species’s range. In Ecuador, hunting for food was prolific and trapping has had some impact in Colombia, although the species is notoriously hard to keep in captivity.