|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Empidonax||traillii||NA||e, c, w||w Mexico to ne Ecuador|
Listen to the sound of Willow Flycatcher
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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ckets of deciduous trees and shrubs, especially willows, or along woodland edges. Often near streams or marshes (especially in southern part of range), but may be found in drier habitats than Alder Flycatcher. Winters around clearings and second growth in
the tropics, especially near water.
Nest: Site is in a deciduous shrub or tree, especially in willow, 4-
15′ above the ground. Placed in a vertical or diagonal fork of a branch, or on top of a horizontal branch. Nest (built by female alone) is an open cup of grass, strips of bark, plant fibers, l
ined with plant down and other soft materials. Nest often has strips of plant material dangling from the bottom.
Eggs: 3-4. Pale buff to whitish, with brown spots concentrated toward larger end. Incubation is by female, 12-15 days.
Young: Both parents bring food for nestlings. Age of young at first flight about 12-14 days.
Differences in diet, if any, between this species and Alder Flycatcher are not well known. Apparently eats mostly insects, including wasps, bees, winged ants, beetles, flies, caterpillars,
moths, true bugs, and others. Also eats some spiders, a few berries, and possibly some seeds.
Behavior: Forages by watching from a perch and then flying out to catch insects. Usually forages from perches within tall shrubs or low trees; catches insects in midair or takes them from foliage while hovering.
Migrates relatively late in spring and early in fall. In North America, migrants are seen moving north mostly during mid to late May, moving south in August and September.