[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Myiopagis gaimardii | [UK] Forest Elaenia | [FR] elenie de Gaimard | [DE] Waldelaenie | [ES] Bobito de la Selva | [IT] Elenia di foresta | [NL] Boselenia
|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Myiopagis||gaimardii||LA||Panama through Amazonia|
The adult Forest Elaenia is 12.7cm long and weighs 12.2g. The head has a blackish crown with a partly concealed white or pale yellow central stripe, a weak whitish supercilium and white eyering. The upperparts are olive-green, and the brown wings have yellow feather edging and two yellow wing bars. The throat is whitish and the breast is greenish-yellow shading to yellow on the belly. The long narrow bill is black above and pink-based below. Sexes are similar.
Listen to the sound of Forest Elaenia
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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It breeds from Panama through Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to Bolivia and Brazil. It also occurs on Trinidad.
This species is found in forests and the edges of mangrove swamps. It inhabits the canopies, edges of forests and capoeiras with trees.
The nest is a shallow cup of roots, bark and grass built in a tree. The typical clutch is two cream-coloured eggs marked with rufous and lavender.
Forest Elaenias are seen alone or in pairs, perched inconspicously or catching insects and spiders in higher levels of the foliage. They also frequently eat berries. It searches for insects in foliage high above the ground and is difficult to observe. It often follows mixed-species flocks of insectivorous birds, sometimes also feeding on small fruits.
This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 8,700,000 kmÂ². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sedentary throughout range.