b Immature male: Throat black; similar to other young male orioles, but more black on face.
Listen to the sound of Scotts Oriole
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||29||cm||wingspan max.:||32||cm|
|size min.:||22||cm||size max.:||24||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||14||days|
|fledging min.:||9||days||fledging max.:||15||days|
Breeds in semi-arid zones of Southwest in oak zones of lower canyons, open woods of juniper and pinyon pine, stands of Joshua-trees, grassland with many yuccas, palm oases. Avoids true desert.
Nest: Often placed in yucca or in Joshua-tree (a tall, branched type of yucca). Also may be in palm or in tree such as sycamore, oak, or pine. Usually 4-
20′ above ground. Nest in tree may be hidden in clump of mistletoe. Nest (probably built by female) is a hanging basket, suspended by its edges, not as deep as the nests of some orioles; woven of grasses, yucca fibers, other plant fibers, li
ned with fine grass, hair, and plant down.
Eggs: 2-4, usually 3. Pale bluish white, with dots and lines of brown, gray, and black concentrated at larger end. Incubation is by female, 12-14 days.
Young: Both parents feed nestlings. Young leave the nest about 2 weeks after hatching. 1 or 2 broods per year.
Feeds on a wide variety of insects, including grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, and many others. Also eats berries and fruit, including cactus fruit; may feed on cultivated fruit at times. Also feeds on nectar, and will take sugar-water from feeders.
Behavior: Forages rather slowly and quietly in treetops, clambering along branches as it searches for insects. Regularly visits flowers, probing deeply in the blossoms for nectar.
b Migration: Migrates rather early in both spring and fall, arriving on nesting grounds in March or April, mostly departing in July and August. Small numbers winter in southern Arizona and California.