[order] Passeriformes | [family] Emberizidae | [latin] Zonotrichia capensis | [UK] Rufous-collared Sparrow | [FR] Bruant chingolo | [DE] Morgenammer | [ES] Chingolo Comun | [IT] Passero dal collare rossiccio | [NL] Roodkraaggors
|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Zonotrichia||capensis||LA||s Mexico to s Argentina, also Hispaniola|
The Rufous-collared Sparrow is 13.5-15 cm long and weighs 20-25 g. The adult has a stubby grey bill and a grey head with broad black stripes on the crown sides and thinner stripes through the eye and below the cheeks. The nape and breast sides are rufous and the upperpart are black-streaked buff-brown. There are two white wing bars. The throat is white, and the underparts are off-white, becoming brown on the flanks and with a black breast patch.
Listen to the sound of Rufous-collared Sparrow
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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|size min.:||15||cm||size max.:||16||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||14||days|
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It breeds in highlands from the extreme southeast of Mexico to Tierra del Fuego, and on Hispaniola.
This abundant bird is found typically at altitudes between 600 and 4000m, locally lower, in open areas including cultivation, gardens, parks and scrubby second growth. It copes well with urban and suburban environments, but is absent from the Amazon basin.
The nest, built by the female, is a cup of plant material lined with fine grasses. It is constructed in matted vegetation on the ground, low in a tree or bush, or in a niche in a wall. The female lays two or three brown-blotched greenish-blue eggs, which she incubates for 12-14 days. The male helps in feeding the chicks. Its chicks frequently fall victim to the parasitic young of the gauderio. The Rufous-collared Sparrow is considered the main host of that species.
The Rufous-collared Sparrow feeds on the ground on seeds, fallen grain, insects and spiders. It is usually in pairs which hold small territories or in small flocks.
This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 11,000,000 kmÂ². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sedentary in South America
Title THE RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW AS A HOST OF THE SHINY COWBIRD
Author(s): ROSENDO M. FRAGA
Abstract: The Rufous-collared Sparrow or Chingolo (Zonotrich..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 90(2), 1978, pp. 271-284
Title DIFFERENCES IN SINGING BEHAVIOR BETWEEN RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROWS IN COSTA RICA AND NORTHWESTERN ARGENTINA
Author(s): JAMES R . FOTHEIUNGHAM
Abstract: The Rufous-collaredS parrow (Zonotrichia capensisi..[more]..
Source: The Condor 97: 821-826