i white spot, strikingly outlined by a black triangle. Female and winter: Less distinctive; buffish breast lightly streaked; some males may show a white shoulder.
Listen to the sound of Smiths Longspur
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||25||cm||wingspan max.:||28||cm|
|size min.:||15||cm||size max.:||17||cm|
|incubation min.:||11||days||incubation max.:||13||days|
|fledging min.:||11||days||fledging max.:||12||days|
Breeds along treeline in the north, where stunted forest gives way to tundra, mainly in areas of grassy or sedgy tundra with scattered low shrubs and short conifers. Winters on shortgrass plains, heavily grazed pastures, airport fields.
On ground on dry hummock of tundra, among grass clumps or near base of low shrub. Often sunken in shallow depression. Nest (built by female) is open cup of grass and sedges, lined with lichens, hair, and particularly with feathers (ptarmigan feathers esp
Eggs: 4, sometimes 3-5, rarely 1-6. Pale tan to pale green, marked with lavender and dark brown. Incubation is by female only, 11-13 days.
Young: Fed by female and by one or more males. Young leave the nest about 7-9 days after hatching, unable to fly well for about another week. 1 brood per year.
inter, including seeds of weeds and grasses, also waste grain. Also eats insects, and these become major part of diet during breeding season; included are caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers, flies, moths, damselflies, and others, as well as spiders and s
Behavior: Does all its foraging while walking or running on the ground. Except when nesting, usually forages in flocks.