Members of the genus Buteo are broad-winged, broad-tailed hawks, Well adapted for soaring. The bill, legs and talons are of average proportions. There is much colour variation both within the species, and, by way of phases, within individual species. In all cases the young are quite different from adults in that they are all well camouflaged with an overall brown appearance with varying amounts of striping below and paler mottling above.
The 25 species are spread worldwide with the exception of Australasia and much of the Indian sub-continent.
as the black ones. Wing linings white. The rare dark morph, which breeds in Alberta, has dark wing linings, but shows the usual Broad-wing tail pattern.
Tail bands more numerous, restricting the white. Often migrates in soaring flocks.
Listen to the sound of Broad-winged Hawk
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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Nest: Site is usually in lower part of large tree, 25 –
40′ above ground. Nest (built by both sexes) a rather small platform of sticks, lined with bark, moss, leaves. Leafy green twigs added during nesting cycle. Often uses preexisting nest of hawk, crow, or squirrel, adding material to it.
Clutch Usually 2 -3, sometimes 1 -4. Whitish, usually spotted with brown. Incubation almost entirely by female, 28 –
31 days. Male brings food to female during incubation, then may sit on eggs while she eats.
Young: Female remains with young almost constantly for first 1 -2 weeks; male brings food, female feeds it to nestlings. Young may climb out of nest onto nearby branches at about 4 –
5 weeks; can fly at about 5 -6 weeks and soon start learning to hunt.
ammals; toads, frogs, snakes, lizards, young turtles; various small birds; large insects. Sometimes eats crayfish, fish, centipedes, earthworms. Behavior:
Hunts by watching for prey from a perch, usually located along edge of woods or near water. When prey is spotted, the hawk swoops down rapidly to capture the creature in its talons. Occasionally hunts by flying through the woods or along watercourses, ac
tively searching for prey.
Video Broad-winged Hawk
copyright: J. Gonzalez y F. Collazo
el southwest or south to go around, not across, the Gulf of Mexico.