Do male Nuthatches (Sitta europaea) guard their mates?

Wood Nuthatch (Sitta europaea) Science Article 1

abstract

We expected to find a clearly manifested mate guarding behaviour in males of Sitta europaea as males of this socially monogamous species participate extensively in parental care. We recorded behaviour of nuthatches during one breeding season in primaeval stands of the Biatowie

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