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Oct 02 2011

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Citreoline Trogon (Trogon citreolus)

Citreoline Trogon

[order] TROGONIFORMES | [family] Trogonidae | [latin] Trogon citreolus | [authority] Gould, 1835 | [UK] Citreoline Trogon | [FR] Trogon citrin | [DE] Graukopf-Trogon | [ES] Trogon Citrino | [NL] Grijskoptrogon

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

The Neotropical Trogoninae, containing four genera, Trogon, Priotelus, Pharomachrus and Eupilotis. The two Caribbean species of Priotelus were formerly different ones (Temnotrogon on Hispaniola), and are extremely ancient. The two quetzal genera, Pharomachrus and Eupilotis are possibly derived from the final and most numerous genus of trogons in the Neotropics, Trogon. A 2008 study of the genetics of Trogon suggested the genus originated in Central America and radiated into South America after the formation of the Isthmus of Panama (as part of the Great American Interchange), thus making trogons relatively recent arrivals in South America. Within the genus Trogon, a division of species that coincides with female plumage type is well supported. Females with brown breasts and heads characterize one clade (including T. rufus), whereas females in the other clade (including T. comptus) have gray breasts and heads. Females of T. rufus and T. mexicanus both have brown heads. Male plumage does not appear to be informative at this level; species with red or yellow underparts are interspersed in both clades. They have large eyes, stout hooked bills, short wings, and long, squared-off, strongly graduated tails; black and white tail-feather markings form distinctive patterns on the underside. Males have richly colored metallic plumage, metallic on the upperparts.[1] Although many have brightly coloured bare eye-rings, they lack the colorful patches of bare facial skin in their African counterparts, Apaloderma.[2] Females and young are duller and sometimes hard to identify in the field

Physical charateristics

Yellow belly, tail white below except black base and tip. Eyes yellow with a bluish ring. The male has upper tail and back green, head black. Female head is slaty gray, uppertail and back black.

Listen to the sound of Citreoline Trogon

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TROGONIFORMES/Trogonidae/sounds/Citreoline Trogon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 27 cm size max.: 28 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

Middle America : West Mexico

Habitat

Arid to semi arid woodland. Found in thorny bushes, woods and edges. Found in plantations, mangroves and decidous forest. Never aboe 1000 meter.

Reproduction

Builds nest in sheltered termite nest, usually hard to find. Clutch size is 2-4 eggs.

Feeding habits

Primarily fruit from january to june, insects from july to november and both druing december and january. Eats most insects, including flying species. The fruit is often swallowed with seed, which is later regurgitated.

Video Citreoline Trogon

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lgnDoA8Zgw

copyright: Josep del Hoyo


Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Citreoline Trogon status Least Concern

Migration

Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Citreoline Trogon distribution range map

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.planetofbirds.com/trogoniformes-trogonidae-citreoline-trogon-trogon-citreolus

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