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Oct 02 2011

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Cinnamon-rumped Trogon (Harpactes orrhophaeus)

Cinnamon-rumped Trogon

[order] TROGONIFORMES | [family] Trogonidae | [latin] Harpactes orrhophaeus | [authority] Cabanis and Heine, 1863 | [UK] Cinnamon-rumped Trogon | [FR] Couroucou canelle | [DE] Zimtburzel-Trogon | [ES] Trogon Canela | [NL] Bruinrugtrogon

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

The trogons are split into three subfamilies, each reflecting one of these splits, Aplodermatinae is the African subfamily and contains a single genus, Apaloderma; Harpactinae is the Asian subfamily and contains two genera, Harpactes and Apalharpactes. Apalharpactes, consisting of two species in the Java and Sumatra, has only recently been accepted as a separate genus from Harpactes. Harpactes is a genus of birds found in forests in South and Southeast Asia, extending into southernmost China. They are strongly sexually dimorphic, with females generally being duller than males. The two members of the genus Apalharpactes are sometimes included in Harpactes.

Physical charateristics

Male with black hood, blue bill, an eyebrow and eyering. Pale brown upperparts; pink-red underparts. The tail is brown above and undertail is white with black border. Females have a dark brown head with chestnut around eye and lores. A buff to yellowish rump and underparts. Two subspecies are described, differing in coarseness of wing-barring and (slightly) in general colour: nominate orrhophaeus in the Malay Peninsula and (highly localised) on Sumatra, and ssp. vidua which is rare and local in C & N Borneo.

Listen to the sound of Cinnamon-rumped Trogon

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wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 24 cm size max.: 26 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

Oriental Region : Malay Peninsula, Borneo. Harpactes orrhophaeus is known from peninsular Thailand, Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Kalimantan and Sumatra, Indonesia and Brunei

Habitat

This species occurs in the lower storey of humid evergreen forest to 1,500 m. In Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia, it is largely restricted to closed-canopy lowland forest (up to 180 m), whilst on Borneo it occurs mainly in submontane slope forest at 1000 – 1400 m. It is predominantly recorded from tall primary forests, although there are records from logged dipterocarp forest.

Reproduction

Builds nest in cavity about 1.5 meter above ground. Clutch size is 2 eggs.

Feeding habits

Primarily insects, a still-hunter in dense understorey 2-3 meter above ground.

Video Cinnamon-rumped Trogon

copyright: wondersf


Conservation

This forest-dependent species is listed as Near Threatened as it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline throughout its range as a result of habitat loss.
Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid, owing partly to the escalation of illegal logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas. Forest fires have also had a damaging effect (particularly in 1997-1998). Populations in Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia are likely to be at the most serious risk due to their local dependence on closed-canopy lowland forest. In other areas, tolerance of sloping submontane forests implies a greater level of safety from habitat loss.
Cinnamon-rumped Trogon status Near Threatened

Migration

Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Cinnamon-rumped Trogon distribution range map

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