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Oct 07 2011

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White-throated Tinamou (Tinamus guttatus)

White-throated Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Tinamus guttatus | [authority] Pelzeln, 1863 | [UK] White-throated Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou a gorge blanche | [DE] Weisskehl-Tinamu | [ES] Tinamu Moteado | [NL] Witkeeltinamoe

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Tinamous sleep on the ground at night. Exceptions are members of the genus Tinamus, which roost in trees, choosing horizontal branches or tangled lianas and perching without using the toes. This genus comprises the larger of the Tinamou species.

Physical charateristics

Despite its name the throat is sometimes buff. THe back is pale to dark brown. Sometimes the lower back and the rump are barred black. Wing coverts have variable white or buff spots.

Listen to the sound of White-throated Tinamou

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TINAMIFORMES/Tinamidae/sounds/White-throated Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 32 cm size max.: 36 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 5  
      eggs max.: 6  

Range

South America : Amazonia. The White-throated Tinamou is native to Brazil, southeaster Columbia, northern Bolivia, southern Venezuela, eastern Peru,

Habitat

Primary rain forest up to 500m, typically terra firme forest

Reproduction

No much is known, lays 5-6 turquoise eggs.

Feeding habits

Its diet includes fruits that have fallen to the ground, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, roots, and invertebrates such as insects or worms.

Video White-throated Tinamou

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeTt6-8dsy8

copyright: Jose de Alencar Bonafe


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-throated Tinamou status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

White-throated Tinamou distribution range map

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.planetofbirds.com/tinamiformes-tinamidae-white-throated-tinamou-tinamus-guttatus

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