Puna Tinamou (Tinamotis pentlandii)

Puna Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Tinamotis pentlandii | [authority] Vigors, 1837 | [UK] Puna Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou quioula | [DE] Puna-Steisshuhn | [ES] Perdiz de la Puna, Quiula/Kiula Andina(Arg) | [NL] Puna-tinamoe

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Tinamotis pentlandii SA wc

Genus

Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Taoniscus is a genus of birds in the tinamou family. This genus comprises two members of this South American family.

Physical charateristics

Relatively striking for a tinamou, it has bold white strips on the head, a rufous vent, and olivaceous rump

Listen to the sound of Puna Tinamou

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TINAMIFORMES/Tinamidae/sounds/Puna Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 39 cm size max.: 42 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 4  
      eggs max.: 7  

Range

South America : Westcentral

Habitat

It is found in rocky, shrubby or grassy puna between 3500 and 5300 meters which is higher than any other tinamou

Reproduction

Puna Tinamous do not construct a nest or scrape, but simply lay their 4-7 yellowish green eggs on the ground in the shelter of some vegetation. When the chicks hatch, they may gather in groups composed of young from several broods and attended by several males.

Feeding habits

Seems to be more of a vegatarian the conspecifics. Forages for buds, leaves, shoots and flowers; also eats grass.

Video Puna Tinamou

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5TVPPpyh6lI

copyright: Jose del Hoyo


Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Puna Tinamou status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Puna Tinamou distribution range map

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