Darwins Nothura (Nothura darwinii)

Darwins Nothura

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Nothura darwinii | [authority] Gray, 1867 | [UK] Darwins Nothura | [FR] Tinamou de Darwin | [DE] Darwin-Steisshuhn | [ES] Inambu Chico Palido | [NL] Darwins Nothura

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Nothura is a genus of birds in the tinamou family. This genus comprises five members of this South American family.

Physical charateristics

Darwin’s Nothura is approximately 26 cm in length. It is similar to Spotted Nothura but more rufous with broader streaking below. Its upper parts are brown and streaked with buff, its lower parts are streaked with chestnut and it is black on its breast Its flanks are barred, and its crown is black with buff streaks. its throat is white.

Listen to the sound of Darwins Nothura

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TINAMIFORMES/Tinamidae/sounds/Darwins Nothura.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 25 cm size max.: 27 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 4  
      eggs max.: 6  

Range

South America : Peru to Southcentral Argentina

Habitat

Found in subtropical lowlands up 2600m, but sometimes even up to 4300m. Brunch-grass plains, semi-arid Andes valleys on the, often, cultivated floor.

Reproduction

They tend to nest on the ground in thick vegetation; the male incubates the 4-6 eggs and cares for the young.

Feeding habits

the Darwin’s Nothura consume a wide variety of food items, especially insects, seeds and fruits. But less fruit than other ttinamou’s. Often foraging after harvest in various fields.

Video Darwins Nothura

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F6CJAUM3vWI

copyright: Avespampa


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Darwins Nothura status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Darwins Nothura distribution range map

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