Pacific Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium peruanum)

Pacific Pygmy Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Glaucidium peruanum | [authority] Knig, 1991 | [UK] Pacific Pygmy Owl | [FR] Chevechette du Perou | [DE] Peruzwergkauz | [ES] Mochuelo Peruano | [NL] Pygmee uil

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Glaucidium peruanum SA w Ecuador, Peru

Genus

Members of the genus Glaucidium are very small and tiny owls. They have rounded heads without ear-tufts. Their eyes are yellow. In many species the talons are, in relation to their size, very powerful. The facial disc is not very distinct. Some species have a large dark patch with a pale border on each side of the nape of the neck, looking like false eyes. Many are partly diurnal and sing from exposed perches. These are mostly very tenacious in the hunt, and show little fear, even of approaching humans. Glaucidium is a worldwide genus, containing some 30 species. Most of the Asian species, and some of the African species show physical and behavioural differences that suggest they might be better placed in Athene, and DNA evidence suggests that there is only a distant relationship between the Old World Pygmy Owls and those of the New World.

Physical charateristics

Typical birds are grey-brown with spotted crown and upperside, rufous birds have more streaked crown and upperside. Southern birds seems to only include the grey morph.

Listen to the sound of Pacific Pygmy Owl

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/STRIGIFORMES/Strigidae/sounds/Pacific Pygmy Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 15 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  

Range

South America : West Ecuador, Peru

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.

Reproduction

Nests in tree cavity or old Woodpecker nest, no further data.

Feeding habits

Perch-hunter catching mostly insects and small birds. Forages in the mid storey and canopy.

Video Pacific Pygmy Owl

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t9jecNaOIzo

copyright: Jan Wigmore


Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Pacific Pygmy Owl status Least Concern

Migration

Presumed resident

Distribution map

Pacific Pygmy Owl distribution range map

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