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Dec 24 2011

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White-eyed Parakeet (Aratinga leucophthalma)


White-eyed Parakeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Aratinga leucophthalma | [authority] Muller, 1776 | [UK] White-eyed Parakeet | [FR] Conure pavouane | [DE] Pavuasittich | [ES] Aratinga Ojiblanca | [NL] Witoogparkiet | [copyright picture] Martjan Lammertink

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

The parrot genus Aratinga comprises 24 species. Aratinga is a genus of American parakeets. They belong to the long-tailed group. Most are predominantly green, although a few are predominantly yellow or orange. They are social and commonly seen in groups in the wild. In Brazil the popular name of several species usually is Jandaia, sometimes written as Jandaya in the scientific form.
The genus Aratinga includes species with habitat from South America to Mexico. Birds in the Aratinga genus have a “swift, direct flight” that differs from other similar birds according to “Parrots of the World.” Other characteristics include the males and females looking alike, a fully feathered face and a rather long tail that starts wide at the base and becomes slender at the tip.

Physical charateristics

Green, slightly paler on breast and abdomen: a few scattered red feathers to head; bend and edge of wing as well as outermost lesser under wing-coverts red; greater under wing-coverts yellow; underside of wing and tail feathers olive-yellow; skin to periophthalmic ring whitish; iris brown; feet grey; bill horn-coloured.

Listen to the sound of White-eyed Parakeet

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Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 37 cm wingspan max.: 40 cm
size min.: 32 cm size max.: 35 cm
incubation min.: 26 days incubation max.: 30 days
fledging min.: 30 days fledging max.: 60 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

South America : Amazonia, Southcentral

Habitat

It is found in a wide variety of habitats from rain forest to savanna.

Reproduction

Nests in tree holes, sometimes high up. Clutch size is 3-4 eggs incubated for about 4 weeks by both parents. Young fledge after 9 weeks.

Feeding habits

It feeds on fruit, seeds (including arable crops such as maize), flowers and insects.

Video White-eyed Parakeet

copyright: S. Behrens


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-eyed Conures are found over much of northern South America, from eastern Venezuela, Colombia and the Guianas in the north across Brazil to northern Argentina and Uruguay
White-eyed Parakeet status Least Concern

Migration

Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

White-eyed Parakeet distribution range map

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