Orange-winged Amazon (Amazona amazonica)

Orange-winged Amazon

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Amazona amazonica | [authority] Linnaeus, 1766 | [UK] Orange-winged Amazon | [FR] Amazone aourou | [DE] Venuzuelaamazone | [ES] Amazona Alinaranja | [NL] Oranjevleugelamazone

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Amazona amazonica SA n, c, e

Genus

Amazon parrot is the common name for a parrot of the genus Amazona. These are medium-size parrots native to the New World ranging from South America to Mexico and the Caribbean. Most Amazon parrots are predominantly green, with accenting colors that depend on the species and can be quite vivid. They have comparatively short, somewhat square, tails. Just like the other parrots, amazons have four toes on each foot, two pointing forwards and two pointing backward. They feed primarily on seeds, nuts, and fruits, supplemented by leafy matter. Almost everywhere in the lowlands of tropical and subtropical America, the savannas, grassy openings in the forest, and roadsides are frequented by flocks of very small finches with short and thick bills, which feed on the seeds of grasses. In the genus Sporophila, the males are clad in black, black and white, or black and chestnut, while the dull females are olive or buff. Often the same species shows pronounced variation in plumage from region to region.

Physical charateristics

Generally green; nape feathers faintly edged with black; cheeks and front of crown yellow, also occasionally forehead; lores and area above eyes violet-blue; edge of wing yellowish-green; primaries green becoming violet-blue with black tips; orange wing-speculum across three outer secondaries, occasionally across fourth and fifth as well; tail green with greenish-yellow tips; outer feathers washed with orange-red; skin to periophthalmic ring grey; bill horn-coloured with grey tip; iris yellow to orange; feet grey.

Listen to the sound of Orange-winged Amazon

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Orange-winged Amazon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 30 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 21 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 55 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 5  

Range

South America : North, Central, East

Habitat

Prefers forests, mangroves, swamps, more open areas and secondary vegetation in the humid tropical zone to 650 m (1,950 ft); occasionally seen in drier areas, parks and village squares with tall trees.

Reproduction

Breeding season in Venezuela April to June, on Trinidad May to July, in Surinam from February to March and in Colombia from December to February. Nests in dead palms or holes in trees, often very high. Nest hole in one case 1,6 meter deep. clutch size 2 to 5 eggs, incubated for about 3 weeks by female only. Female is fed by male, who stays in vicinity of nest hole during day. Female only leaves nest for short period, at night male leaves breeding site and roosts with flock.

Feeding habits

Eats fruits, seeds, berries, nuts, flowers and buds; occasionally forages in plantations.

Video Orange-winged Amazon

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LnbOl70qJzs

copyright: J. del Hoyo


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Range from east of Andes in Colombia, Venezuela, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Surinam.
Orange-winged Amazon status Least Concern

Migration

None recorded

Distribution map

Orange-winged Amazon distribution range map

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