Species of the genus Cyanoramphus occur only in the New Zealand region and New Caledonia, except for two species known from the Society Islands, both of which are now extinct. They are small to medium sized parakeets with long tails and predominately green plumage. Most species are forest species, although several of the subantarctic species live in open grassland. The genus formerly had a disjunct distribution, with two species found in the Society Islands and the majority of the genus ranging from New Caledonia to Macquarie Island, but absent from the 4100 km in between. Despite many fossil birds being found in the islands between these two areas being found none of these were of undescribed Cyanoramphus species.
Listen to the sound of New Caledonian Parakeet
[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/New Caledonian Parakeet.mp3]
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
recorded by Patrik Aberg
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preserved, in 1913 on New Caledonia (to France). The first specimens are from an unknown
locality and the 1913 record from “the forests behind Oubatche” which corresponds to Mt Ignambi.
There are unconfirmed reports from the 1880s to the 1920s, and an experienced forester reported
two birds in 1953 or 1954 in the central mountains and again in 1976, west of Mt Panie. However,
in 1998 there were no records during several months of specific searching, including on Mt
Video New Caledonian Parakeet
copyright: Luc Fazio
Montane humid forest is not under threat, but it is possible that this species has a requirement for other habitats, some of which, notably lowland semi-deciduous forests, have nearly disappeared from the island. Several Charmosyna lorikeets have undergone severe population declines or fluctuations of unknown cause. It is possible that introduced disease (such as avian malaria) or mammals (notably rats) may have been a cause of decline.