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Feb 28 2012

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Great Hanging Parrot (Loriculus stigmatus)

Great Hanging Parrot

Great Hanging Parrot

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Loriculus stigmatus | [authority] Muller, 1843 | [UK] Great Hanging Parrot | [FR] Coryllis de Celebes | [DE] Rotplattchen | [ES] Loriculo de Celebes | [NL] Roodkroontje | [copyright picture] David J Slater

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Loriculus stigmatus AU Sulawesi
Loriculus stigmatus croconotus Buton and Muna (off east Sulawesi)
Loriculus stigmatus quadricolor Togian Is. (off nc Sulawesi)
Loriculus stigmatus stigmatus Sulawesi

Genus

This genus ranges throughout the greater part of the Oriental region and into part of the Papuan. The hanging parrots are birds in the parrot genus Loriculus . This is a group of small parrots from tropical southern Asia. Small parrots, about 13 cm, and mostly green plumaged and short-tailed. These parrots are unique among birds for their ability to sleep upside down. Bill much smaller and longer comparatively than in Palaeornis, and much more compressed, the. culmen less curved ; the depth of the two mandibles together less than the length from cere to point; tail short, slightly rounded.

Physical charateristics

Male-in general green in colour; red forehead and crown, reaching beyond level of eye; orange/yellow tint to nape and mantle; chin and throat have red mark; red carpal edge; dark maroon/red rump and upper tail coverts; green tail tipped with yellow/green. Bill black. Eye pale yellow. Female-green forehead and crown. Eye brown.

Listen to the sound of Great Hanging Parrot

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Great Hanging Parrot.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by Frank Lambert


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 15 cm size max.: 16 cm
incubation min.: 20 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 33 days fledging max.: 34 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

Australasia : Sulawesi and adjacent islands

Habitat

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft), locally 1600m (5248 ft) along forest edge, in open country and occasionally around settlements.

Reproduction

Great Hanging Parrots nest in tree cavities. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.

Feeding habits

Seen singly or in pairs, either flying overhead or feeding in blossoming trees. Diet consists of flowers and nectar.

Video Great Hanging Parrot

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BHVO9lgAWnQ

copyright: Josep del Hoyo


Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Great Hanging Parrot status Least Concern

Migration

Might be nomadic or migratory, in october more numerous in South Sulawesi

Distribution map

Great Hanging Parrot distribution range map

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