Brown-throated Parakeet (Aratinga pertinax)

Brown-throated Parakeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Aratinga pertinax | [authority] Linnaeus, 1758 | [UK] Brown-throated Parakeet | [FR] Conure cuivre | [DE] Braunwangen-Sittich | [ES] Aratinga Pertinaz | [NL] Maisparkiet

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Genus

The parrot genus Aratinga comprises 24 species. Aratinga is a genus of American parakeets. They belong to the long-tailed group. Most are predominantly green, although a few are predominantly yellow or orange. They are social and commonly seen in groups in the wild. In Brazil the popular name of several species usually is Jandaia, sometimes written as Jandaya in the scientific form.
The genus Aratinga includes species with habitat from South America to Mexico. Birds in the Aratinga genus have a “swift, direct flight” that differs from other similar birds according to “Parrots of the World.” Other characteristics include the males and females looking alike, a fully feathered face and a rather long tail that starts wide at the base and becomes slender at the tip.

Physical charateristics

General plumage green; forehead, sides of head and chin yellowish-orange; crown bluish; throat and upper breast pale olive-brown; lower breast yellowish-green, becoming orange on abdomen; under wing-coverts yellowish-green; tips of primaries bluish; outer webs of secondaries blue; underside of tail and wings olive-yellow; periophthalmic ring whitish; iris yellow; bill blackish; feet grey. Immatures with brown cheeks and horn-colored upper mandible; throat and upper breast greenish.

Listen to the sound of Brown-throated Parakeet

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Brown-throated Parakeet.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 24 cm size max.: 26 cm
incubation min.: 21 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 38 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 7  

Range

Latin America : Panama through North South America

Habitat

Lowlands and less commonly foothills; principally natural savannas and deciduous woodlands, but present in wide variety of open habitats from arid scrublands to plantations and cultivation; avoids dense forest, so distribution patchy.

Reproduction

Monogamous. Breeding season variable throughout extensive range, and nesting recorded in almost all months, possibly influenced by rainfall. Nest normally in hole excavated by birds in arboreal termitarium, but also in holes in trees, in crevices in rocks or wall of buildings, and in burrows excavated in earth banks; four or five nest-holes excavated in same decayed tree trunk; clutch of two to seven, usually four to five eggs; in captivity incubation of 23 days, probably only by female; young birds vacated nest about 40 days after hatching.

Feeding habits

Seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, flowers, and probably insect larvae taken in trees and bushes; at study site in Venezuela up to 70% of food plants was taken from human cultivation; causes damage to maize crops and in orchards.

Video Brown-throated Parakeet

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gg3wghFAsOU

copyright: M. Roth


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The Brown-throated Parakeet is one of the most common parakeets in its area of Colombia, Venezuela and northern Brazil. There is a separate population in Panama and a further disjunct population south of the Amazon between the Tapajos and Madeira rivers.
Brown-throated Parakeet status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary, though local wandering and some seasonal movements in search of food.

Distribution map

Brown-throated Parakeet distribution range map

Literature

Title ROOSTING BEHAVIOR OF THE BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET
(ARATINGA PERTINAX) AND ROOST LOCATIONS ON FOUR
SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN ISLANDS
Author(s): Kyle E. Harms & Jessica R. Eberhard
Abstract: The four subspecies of the Brown-throated Parakeet..[more]..
Source: ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 14: 79-89, 2003

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