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Blue-winged Parakeet (Psittacula columboides)

Blue-winged Parakeet

Blue-winged Parakeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Psittacula columboides | [authority] Vigors, 1830 | [UK] Blue-winged Parakeet | [FR] Perruche de Malabar | [DE] Taubensittich | [ES] Cotorra de Malabar | [NL] Malabarparkiet | [copyright picture] Thoms Vataken

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Psittacula columboides OR sw India

Genus

Members of the parrot genus Psittacula or Afro-Asian Ringnecked parakeets as they are commonly known in aviculture originates found from Africa to South-East Asia. It is a widespread group, with a clear concentration of species in south Asia, but also with representatives in Africa and the islands of the Indian Ocean. This is the only genus of Parrot which has majority of its species in continental Asia. Of all the extant species only Psittacula calthropae, Psittacula caniceps and Psittacula echo do not have a representative subspecies in any part of mainland continental Asia. The Rose-ringed Parakeet, Psittacula krameri, is one of the most widely distributed of all parrots.

Physical charateristics

The Blue-winged Parakeet is bluish grey with a long yellow-tipped tail. The black neck ring is complete in both males and females. The male has a bluish-green lower edge to the black collar and the upper mandible is red with a white tip while the female has an all black bill and has only the black collar. The female looks similar to the female of the Plum-headed Parakeet which however can be told apart by its broad yellow collar.

Listen to the sound of Blue-winged Parakeet

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Blue-winged Parakeet.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by David Geale


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 36 cm size max.: 38 cm
incubation min.: 21 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 28 days fledging max.: 32 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 5  

Range

Oriental Region : Southwest India

Habitat

Found from 450-1000m (1476-3280 ft) in upland evergreen rainforest, both primary and secondary. Also found in deciduous forest with bamboo and abandoned coffee and rubber plantations. Found in family groups or small flocks. Associates with Plum-headed Parakeet at lower elevations.

Reproduction

They breed in the dry season after the northeast Monsoon and the chicks fledge before the southwest Monsoon in June. They nest in holes in trees (often tall Mesua ferrea species), especially old woodpecker and barbet nests. The birds begin breeding in December and about 4 eggs are laid in December and January. The usual clutch was 4 eggs which hatch after about 23 days. The female initially broods with the male bringing food and later the male takes over. The chicks fledge in about a month and leave the nest.

Feeding habits

Feeds on seeds, fruits, particularly wild figs, buds, flowers and nectar. May take sorghum and fruit crops.

Video Blue-winged Parakeet

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz_13DHmOhM

copyright: Stefan Behrens


Conservation

Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Blue-winged Parakeet status Least Concern

Migration

They breed in the dry season after the northeast Monsoon and the chicks fledge before the southwest Monsoon in June.

Distribution map

Blue-winged Parakeet distribution range map

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