Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius)

Australian Ringneck

Australian Ringneck

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Barnardius zonarius | [authority] Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 | [UK] Australian Ringneck | [FR] Perruche a collier jaune | [DE] Ringsittich | [ES] Perico de Barnard | [NL] Port Lincolnparkiet | [copyright picture] Purcell Collection

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Platycercus zonarius
Barnardius zonarius AU w, c Australia
Barnardius zonarius barnardi se Australia
Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi e Northern Territory to nw Queensland
Barnardius zonarius semitorquatus sw Western Australia
Barnardius zonarius zonarius wc and sc Western Australia to w and c South Australia

Genus

The Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius) is a parrot native to Australia. Except for extreme tropical and highland areas, the species has adapted to all conditions. Traditionally, two species were recognised in the genus Barnardius, the Port Lincoln Parrot (Barnardius zonarius) and the Mallee Ringneck (Barnardius barnardi), but the two species readily interbred at the contact zone and are now considered one species. Currently, four subspecies are recognised, each with a distinct range. The classification of this species is still debated, and recent molecular research has found that all subspecies are very closely related.

Physical charateristics

The Australian Ringneck is a large parrot, differing in size and plumage in different regions. There are four subspecies, in two main groups. All are mostly green, with an obvious yellow band on the hind-neck. Members of the Mallee group have a mainly green head and neck. The Mallee Ringneck, subspecies barnardi, has a more varied green and blue body, with more yellow underneath and a red frontal band. The Cloncurry subspecies macgillivrayi has much more yellow and pale turquoise around the face. The Port Lincoln group all have dark hoods and are mainly green. The Twenty Eight Parrot, subspecies semitorquatus, has a red frontal band and is all green underneath. The Port Lincoln Parrot, subspecies zonarius, is green and yellow underneath. All subspecies hybridise widely. They are quiet when feeding, but when disturbed fly off with loud alarm calls. Their flight is swift and undulating. This species is also known as the Mallee, Port Lincoln, Banded or Cloncurry Ringneck, Twenty Eight Parrot or Buln Buln.

Listen to the sound of Australian Ringneck

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Australian Ringneck.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by Mark Harper


wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 38 cm size max.: 40 cm
incubation min.: 18 days incubation max.: 20 days
fledging min.: 33 days fledging max.: 38 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 4  
      eggs max.: 7  

Range

Australasia : West, Central Australia. The Australian Ringneck is endemic to (only found in) Australia. The Mallee group is found in arid eastern Northern Territory, north-western Queensland and inland eastern Australia. The Port Lincoln group is in central and western arid Australia. Ringnecks are generally absent from coastal areas in the eastern states though aviary escapes may be found around Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales and the Tablelands.

Habitat

Australian Ringnecks are found in pairs or small flocks over lightly timbered areas, open woodlands and tree-lined watercourses.

Reproduction

Australian Ringnecks lay their 4-7 eggs in hollows in living or dead trees on a bare base or on rotting wood dust. They enter through a hole in the trunk, a knothole or a spout. The female incubates the eggs for about 19 dys while being fed by the male and she may leave the nest for a short time to be fed by him. The young are fed by both parents and often can be seen at the mouth of the hollow, they fledge after other 5 weeks.

Feeding habits

Australian Ringnecks feed mainly on the ground, but also in trees and shrubs, usually in the morning and late afternoon, resting in the heat of the day. They eat seeds, and some fruits, flowers, nectar and insects and their larvae. They often feed on spilt grain on roadsides

Video Australian Ringneck

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bPoyO7f7gQ

copyright: Nick Talbot


Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Platycercus zonarius and P. barnardi (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) have been lumped as zonarius and moved to the genus Barnardius following Christidis and Boles (1994).
Australian Ringneck status Least Concern

Migration

They are mainly resident or sedentary, but may move in arid areas in response to rainfall.

Distribution map

Australian Ringneck distribution range map

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