|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Picoides||albolarvatus||NA||sw Canada, w USA|
|Picoides||albolarvatus||albolarvatus||British Columbia (Canada) to sw USA|
Listen to the sound of White-headed Woodpecker
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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Seldom found away from pines, and favors those with large cones or prolific seed production, such as Coulter, ponderosa, Jeffrey, and sugar pines. Also forages in incense-cedars, sequoias, and other conifers, and ranges very uncommonly up to elevations d
ominated by firs.
b Nest: Site is in cavity in heavy dead stub of tree (especially pines, also aspens, oaks, and others), usually 6-15′ above ground, sometimes 2-
25′, rarely up to 50′. New cavity each year, but often in same tree as used in previous years. Nest hole is excavated by both sexes. No nest material other than wood chips in bottom of hole.
b Eggs: 4-5, sometimes 3-7. White, often becoming stained by pine pitch on parents’ plumage. Incubation is by both sexes, about 14 days.
b Young: Both parents feed young, and young leave the nest about 26 days after hatching.
b Behavior: Obtains pine seeds by prying open
cones in trees. Also forages for insects on trunk and limbs, and among needle clusters in conifers. Typically pries off flakes of bark rather than knocking them off, so foraging tends to be quiet. Sometimes catches insects in flight. Males and females of
ten have different foraging behaviors, but this varies with place and season.
Generally permanent resident, although a few may move to lower elevations for winter.