Stricklands Woodpecker (Picoides stricklandi)

Stricklands Woodpecker

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Picoides stricklandi | [UK] Stricklands Woodpecker | [FR] Pic charpentier | [DE] Stricklandspecht | [ES] Carpintero Volcanero (Mex) | [NL] Stricklands Specht

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

A dark, brown-backed woodpecker with a i white-striped face; spotted and barred below. Male has a red nape patch. The only United States woodpecker with a i solid brown
back (Flicker has a i barred brown back, white rump).

Listen to the sound of Stricklands Woodpecker

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/S/Stricklands Woodpecker.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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Range

Middle America : Central Mexico

Habitat

Oaks in mountains, pine-oak canyon In its United States range (Arizon
a and New Mexico only), found exclusively in oaks of foothills and mid-levels of mountains, up into mixed pine-oak woods. At southern end of range (central Mexico), found higher in mountains, mainly in pines.

Reproduction

Birds may pair up and begin working on nest cavity by midwinter. Displays not well known, include swinging head back and forth, flicking wings open, spreading wings. Members of pair may drum and tap near potential nest site, and make short gliding display
flights nearby.
b Nest: Site is cavity in dead stub of large tree, usually 9-
50′ above ground, sometimes lower in agave stalk. In Arizona, nest cavity is often in walnut (easier to excavate than oak). Excavation is by male or by both sexes. No nest material other than wood chips in bottom of cavity.
b Eggs: 3-4. White. Incubation is by both sexes, about 14 days.
b Young: Both parents feed nestlings. Age at which young leave nest is not well known; young may follow parents for several weeks after fledging.

Feeding habits

Mostly insects. Feeds on a variety of insects, especially larvae of wood-boring beetles; also some berries and small fruits, a few acorns.
b Behavior: Forages by climbing oaks, pines, other trees, tapping and probing, flaking off bits of bark, searching for insects. Also climbs acrobatica
lly among branches, sometimes hanging upside down, and probes at flowers of agaves and other plants. Male (slightly larger and longer-billed than female) spends more time foraging on trunk, female does more on branches and twigs.

Conservation

Although this species may have a small range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Stricklands Woodpecker status Least Concern

Migration

Resident from
mountains of southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico south to south-central Mexico. b Migration: Generally permanent resident, but rarely may wander to lowlands in winter.

Distribution map

Stricklands Woodpecker distribution range map

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