[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Melanerpes rubricapillus | [UK] Red-crowned Woodpecker | [FR] Pic a couronne rouge | [DE] Rotkappen-Specht | [ES] Carpintero Coronirrojo | [NL] Roodkruinspecht
|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Melanerpes||rubricapillus||LA||Costa Rica to nw Venezuela|
|Melanerpes||rubricapillus||paraguanae||Paraguana Pen. (n Venezuela)|
|Melanerpes||rubricapillus||rubricapillus||sw Costa Rica to the Guianas, Tobago|
|Melanerpes||rubricapillus||seductus||San Miguel I. (off Panama)|
|Melanerpes||rubricapillus||subfusculus||Coiba I. (off Panama)|
Adults have a barred black and white back and wings. Uper tail coverts and rump white. The tail is blackish with some white barring amd spotting, and the underparts are pale buff-brown, center of belly red. Bill and legs black. The male has a red crown patch and nape. The female has a buff crown and duller nape.
Listen to the sound of Red-crowned Woodpecker
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||0||cm||wingspan max.:||0||cm|
|size min.:||16||cm||size max.:||18||cm|
|incubation min.:||10||days||incubation max.:||11||days|
|fledging min.:||31||days||fledging max.:||11||days|
Latin America : Costa Rica to Northwest Venezuela
This woodpecker occurs in decideous forests and semi-open woodland and mangroves and cultivation like gardens and plantations.
Nest is a hole excavated in a dead tree or large cactus (3-23 meter up). clutch size is 3-4 eggs, incubated by both sexes. usually oly two chicks are reared. Young fledge after 31-33 days, parents will care for fledglings an additional month.
Feeds on insects (beetles ants, grubs) but will take lots of fruit and berries and visits nectar flowers. Feeds solitary or in pairs, foraging mostly at lower and middle height.
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sedentary throughout range.