Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)

Lineated Woodpecker

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Dryocopus lineatus | [UK] Lineated Woodpecker | [FR] Pic ouentou | [DE] Linienspecht | [ES] Picamaderos Listado | [NL] Gestreepte Helmspecht

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Dryocopus lineatus LA widespread
Dryocopus lineatus erythrops se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina
Dryocopus lineatus fuscipennis w Ecuador and nw Peru
Dryocopus lineatus lineatus e Costa Rica to e Peru, n Paraguay, e Brazil and the Guianas
Dryocopus lineatus scapularis w Mexico
Dryocopus lineatus similis e Mexico to nw Costa Rica

Physical charateristics

Adults are black above, with a red crest and white lines down the sides of the throat and shoulders. The underparts are white, heavily barred with black. They show white on the wings in flight. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown. In adult females, these plumage features are black.

Listen to the sound of Lineated Woodpecker

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/L/Lineated Woodpecker.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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size min.: 30 cm size max.: 36 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
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Range

Latin America : widespread

Habitat

The habitat of this species is moderate dry areas and mangroves. Prefers new clearings and forest edges. Also in cultivated areas, gardens, parks and plantations.

Reproduction

Nest is exavated in dead tree or pole from 2 meter down to 27 meter up. These nests are also suitable for toucans, with which the Woodpeckers regularly compete. The clutch size is 2-3 eggs, the young are fed by regurgitation. No further data.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of insects, especially ants and beetle larvae, with some seed, fruits, berries and nuts. Forages in all strata, will descend to ground for leaf tossing. Noisy and easily alarmed this species moves about in pairs or small groups.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Lineated Woodpecker status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Lineated Woodpecker distribution range map

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