Guianan Piculet (Picumnus minutissimus)

Guianan Piculet

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Picumnus minutissimus | [UK] Guianan Piculet | [FR] Picumne de Cayenne | [DE] Daumlingsspecht | [ES] Carpintero Ventriocre (Bo) | [NL] Guyana-dwergspecht

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range

Physical charateristics

Male has a red forehead, crown and hindneck black with white streak-like spots. Upperparts greyish white with some buff streaks. Tail black, inner feathers white. Underparts dirty white. All feathers are edged black, giving the bird a scaled appearance. The female lacks the red head patch, the whole crown is black with white spots. Bill horn-black with lower mandibel partially grey. Legs black.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 9 cm size max.: 10 cm
incubation min.: 12 days incubation max.: 14 days
fledging min.: 27 days fledging max.: 14 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

South America : Guianas

Habitat

Found in a wide vareity of habitats including subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and heavily degraded former forest. Also plantations and cultivated areas.

Reproduction

Nest excavation nest mostly done by male, about 8 meter up in a tree. Clutch is 2-4 eggs, incubated by both sexes. Brooding also by both parents, young fledge after c. 28 days. Family will stay together for at least 2 months. While roosting the family is often accompanied by a third adult, up until next breeding attempt.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of ants and beetles, caught while foraging like a tit. Hammers on branches to lure prey out. Feeds from low shrub to high in canopy.

Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Guianan Piculet status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Guianan Piculet distribution range map

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