Jun 08 2011

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Three-toed Jacamar (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla)

Three-toed Jacamar

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Galbulidae | [latin] Jacamaralcyon tridactyla | [UK] Three-toed Jacamar | [FR] Jacamar tridactyle | [DE] Dreizehen-Glanzvogel | [ES] Jacamara Tridactilo | [NL] Drieteenglansvogel


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Galbula tridactyla
Jacamaralcyon tridactyla SA se Brazil

Physical charateristics

It has a brownish head, thickly mottled with thin pale streaks giving it a porcupine-like appearance on the face. It has dull green upperparts, a white breast and belly, and a long dark bill.

Listen to the sound of Three-toed Jacamar

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wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 18 cm size max.: 19 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
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South America : Southeast Brazil. It is endemic to a small region of the Atlantic forests of southeastern Brazil.


Open woodland, lowlands.


Burrows are sometimes attended by groups, suggesting cooperative breeding, and have been recorded in clusters of up to 20 in a single bank.

Feeding habits

Prefers flying insects. Perches on tall grasses at the edge of forest to watch for prey, then darts out and catches it in mid-air.


Although capable of surviving in some degraded woodlots, this species has undergone a major decline, such that the remaining population is believed to be very small and fragmented. Habitat loss and degradation continue to threaten populations, which are likely to be declining. For these reasons it qualifies as Vulnerable.
Three-toed Jacamar status Vulnerable


Distribution map

Three-toed Jacamar distribution range map

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