Green-tailed Jacamar (Galbula galbula)

Green-tailed Jacamar

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Galbulidae | [latin] Galbula galbula | [UK] Green-tailed Jacamar | [FR] Jacamar vert | [DE] Grunschwanz-Glanzvogel | [ES] Jacamara Coliverde | [NL] Groenstaartglansvogel

Subspecies

Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

The Green-tailed Jacamar has a particularly long and slender bill (5 cm of a total of 20 cm). Males have a conspicuous white throat, metallic green back and rufous belly. The female looks very similar but has a buffy white throat.

Listen to the sound of Green-tailed Jacamar

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/G/Green-tailed Jacamar.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 19 cm size max.: 25 cm
incubation min.: 19 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 19 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

South America : North Amazonia

Habitat

Found in a range of habitats from sandy coastal grounds to interior rainforest. Avoids, however, deep rainforest, but frequently found alonm edges. In Suriname common in the coastal farming areas (Wanica).

Reproduction

Lays 2 to 3 eggs in excavated ground nest chamber (20-50 cm). Also exavates a burrow in temite nests (not as deep) or dead tree material, usually 1-3 meter above ground. Incubation is 20-23 days done by both sexes, the female at night. Chicks fledge after 21-26 days.

Feeding habits

Perches and sallies from a thin branch feeding on insects.Their long bills reach past the wings of butterflies and dragonflies protect against wingbeatings of dragonflies or bee stings. Insects are killed by bashing the prey against a branch.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

The Green-tailed Jacamar is found both north and south of the Amazon but only between the Madeira and Tapajos rivers. Most common Jacamar in the coastal region in Suriname.

Green-tailed Jacamar status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Green-tailed Jacamar distribution range map

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