Rufous browed Peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis)

Rufous-browed Peppershrike

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Vireonidae | [latin] Cyclarhis gujanensis | [UK] Rufous-browed Peppershrike | [FR] Sourciroux melodieux | [DE] Rostbrauenvireo | [ES] Alegrin de Cejas Rojizas | [IT] Ciclario dai sopraccigli rossi | [NL] Roodbrauwpeperklauwier

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Cyclarhis gujanensis LA widespread
Cyclarhis gujanensis cantica
Cyclarhis gujanensis cearensis
Cyclarhis gujanensis coibae
Cyclarhis gujanensis contrerasi
Cyclarhis gujanensis dorsalis
Cyclarhis gujanensis flavens
Cyclarhis gujanensis flavipectus
Cyclarhis gujanensis flaviventris
Cyclarhis gujanensis gujanensis
Cyclarhis gujanensis insularis
Cyclarhis gujanensis nicaraguae
Cyclarhis gujanensis ochrocephala
Cyclarhis gujanensis parva
Cyclarhis gujanensis pax
Cyclarhis gujanensis perrygoi
Cyclarhis gujanensis saturata
Cyclarhis gujanensis septentrionalis
Cyclarhis gujanensis subflavescens
Cyclarhis gujanensis tarijae
Cyclarhis gujanensis virenticeps
Cyclarhis gujanensis viridis
Cyclarhis gujanensis yucatanensis

Physical charateristics

The adult Rufous-browed Peppershrike is 15cm long and weighs 28g. It is bull-headed with a shrike-like bill. The head is grey with a strong rufous eyebrow.. The upperparts are green, and the yellow throat and breast shade into a white belly. Southern forms are darker with a narrower eyebrow.

Listen to the sound of Rufous-browed Peppershrike

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/R/Rufous-browed Peppershrike.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

It breeds in open woodland and cultivation with some tall trees from Mexico and Trinidad south to Argentina and Uruguay.

Habitat

The preferred habitat consists of both dry and moist evergreen forest borders, scrublands, gallery and secondary forests, and clearings with trees. The birds are found at altitudes up to 2,800 meter. It is common in a succession of semi-open habitats, such as the edges of forests, capoeiras, cerrados, isolated clumps of trees in caatingas, parks, yards with many trees and in the mountains.

Reproduction

The birds stay together throughout the year. They build cup-shaped, flimsy nests from grasses, which hang from a fork of a high tree branch. Both the male and female incubate the two or three eggs and feed the young.

Feeding habits

The Rufous-browed Peppershrike is generally regarded as a forest bird which eats insects and caterpillars high in the foliage. It is a noted singer and is more often heard than seen.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 14,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Rufous-browed Peppershrike range map

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