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May 08 2011

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Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)


Yellow-bellied Elaenia

Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Elaenia flavogaster | [UK] Yellow-bellied Elaenia | [FR] elaene a ventre jaune | [DE] Gelbbauch-Elaenie | [ES] Fiofio Ventriamarillo | [NL] Geelbuikelenia

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Elaenia flavogaster LA widespread
Elaenia flavogaster flavogaster
Elaenia flavogaster pallididorsalis
Elaenia flavogaster semipagana
Elaenia flavogaster subpagana

Physical charateristics

Adults are 16.5cm long and weigh 24g. They have olive-brown upperparts, a white eye ring, a bushy divided crest and a white crown patch in the parting. The throat is pale and the breast greyish, with pale yellow lower underparts.

Listen to the sound of Yellow-bellied Elaenia

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Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 17 days
fledging min.: 15 days fledging max.: 17 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

Latin America : widespread

Habitat

This is a common bird in semi-open woodland, scrub, gardens and cultivation.

Reproduction

It makes a neat cup nest made out of moss and grass lined with feathers. it is placed in the fork of a small branch. Clutch size is two cream eggs with reddish blotches at the larger end. The female incubates and broods until fledging for 16 days respectively.

Feeding habits

The Yellow-bellied Elaenia is a noisy and conspicuous bird which feeds on berries and insects. The latter are usually caught from mid-air after the bird sallies from a perch, and sometimes picked up from plants.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range with some post breeding movement reported in Mexico

Distribution map

Yellow-bellied Elaenia distribution range map
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