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May 08 2011

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White-crested Spadebill (Platyrinchus platyrhynchos)

White-crested Spadebill

White-crested Spadebill (Platyrinchus platyrhynchos)

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Platyrinchus platyrhynchos | [UK] White-crested Spadebill | [FR] Tyran a tete blanche | [DE] Silberkopf-Breitschnabel | [ES] Picoplano Crestiblanco | [NL] Witkuifbreedbektiran

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos SA Amazonia
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos amazonicus
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos nattereri
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos platyrhynchos
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos senex

Physical charateristics

It is the largest Amazonian spadebill and has the widest bill which is dark above and pale flesh coloured below. The head is grey with a white coronal patch which is often concealed. The throat is whitish and underparts in races north of the Amazon and west of the rio Purus are deep ochraceous.

Listen to the sound of White-crested Spadebill

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/W/White-crested Spadebill.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 10 cm size max.: 11 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  

Range

South America : Amazonia

Habitat

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The White-crested Spadebill is distributed throughout most of the Amazon Basin. It is found in the understorey of terra firme forest where it is generally to be found perched about 4 metres or so off the ground.

Reproduction

No data except on displaying behavior which consists of steep dives to impress females.

Feeding habits

Forages by short sallies to catch insects from uinderside of leafs. Perches motionless to spot prey 2-5 meter above ground often near desne vegetation but in the open. Usually hunts in pairs and sometimes joins mixed-species flocks.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-crested Spadebill status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

White-crested Spadebill distribution range map

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