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May 08 2011

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Spotted Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum maculatum)

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Todirostrum maculatum | [UK] Spotted Tody-Flycatcher | [FR] Tyran todier tachete | [DE] Tropfenbrust-Spateltyrann | [ES] Titiriji Moteado | [NL] Gevlekte Schoffelsnavel

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Todirostrum maculatum SA Amazonia
Todirostrum maculatum amacurense
Todirostrum maculatum annectens
Todirostrum maculatum diversum
Todirostrum maculatum maculatum
Todirostrum maculatum signatum

Physical charateristics

It has orange-yellow eyes and a grey head with some streaks. Otherwise it is olive above with black wings showing distinct yellow edging. Apart from its white throat, the underparts are yellow but with strong black streaking on the throat, breast and flanks. The bill is long and flat.

Listen to the sound of Spotted Tody-Flycatcher

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/S/Spotted Tody-Flycatcher.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 9 cm size max.: 10 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 15 days fledging max.: 21 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  

Range

South America : Amazonia

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.

Reproduction

Builds a elongated paoch shaped nest with a side entrance. Nest is built by both adults, clutch usually two eggs incubated by female only. The young fledge after 15-19 days and are fed by both parents.

Feeding habits

Forages for insects in dense lower vegetation of moist areas. Also fairly high up in trees. Found alone or in pairs, it will sally upward to catch prey with an audible snap.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher distribution range map

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