Cinereous Becard (Pachyramphus rufus)

Cinereous Becard

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Pachyramphus rufus | [UK] Cinereous Becard | [FR] Becarde cendree | [DE] Graubekarde | [ES] Anambe Cinereo | [IT] Beccaio rossiccio | [NL] Grijze Bekarde

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Pachyramphus rufus LA Panama and n SA, Amazonia
Pachyramphus rufus juruanus
Pachyramphus rufus rufus

Physical charateristics

In the male crown and nape black, forehead white. Yhe back is deep olive, wings and tail grey. Underparts mainly white, throat and breast yellowish grey. In the female upperparts rusty rufous, throat and breast buff. Rest of the underparts white.

Listen to the sound of Cinereous Becard

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/C/Cinereous Becard.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 18 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 20 days fledging max.: 30 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 5  

Range

It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.

Reproduction

The nest is a large ball made out of grass with a side entrance. Usually built up high in up canopy. Both sexes participate in nest building. Clutch size is 2-3 eggs incubated by female. Fledging period is 18-21 days, both parents tend to young.

Feeding habits

Forages alone or in pairs for insects in midlevel foliage. Sallies and gleans insects from leafs and twigs. Will also eat berries and fruit.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 3,900,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern
Cinereous Becard status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Cinereous Becard range map

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