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May 08 2011

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Black tailed Tityra (Tityra cayana)

Black-tailed Tityra

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Tityra cayana | [UK] Black-tailed Tityra | [FR] Tityre gris | [DE] Schwarznackentityra | [ES] Titira Colinegro | [IT] Titra della Cayenna | [NL] Zwartstaarttityra

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Tityra cayana SA widespread
Tityra cayana braziliensis
Tityra cayana cayana

Physical charateristics

The adult Black-tailed Tityra is 22 cm long and weighs 60g. The male is greyish-white above and white below, except for the head, wings and tail, which are black. There is a patch of red bare skin around the eye, and the bill is red-based with a black tip. The female is similar, but darker grey above, with a brown crown and fine brown streaks on the back and breast.

Listen to the sound of Black-tailed Tityra

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/B/Black-tailed Tityra.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 22 cm
incubation min.: 18 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 20 days fledging max.: 30 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

The Black-tailed Tityra breeds from Colombia, Trinidad, Venezuela, and the Amazon Basin south to northeastern Argentina and southeastern Brazil, in the pantanal, cerrado, and caatinga.

Habitat

This species is found in forest edges, second growth and plantation shade trees.

Reproduction

The brown-marked buff eggs are laid in a bed of dry leaves in a tree hole, either in an old woodpecker nest or the crown of a dead palm tree. The female incubates alone, but both parents feed the chicks. Fledging is believed to take at least 3 weeks, and two broods may be raised in a season.

Feeding habits

Black-tailed Tityras are seen alone or in pairs, perched conspicuosly as they feed on medium-sized fruits. Some large insects are fed to the chicks

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 12,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Black-tailed Tityra status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Black-tailed Tityra range map

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.planetofbirds.com/passeriformes-tyrannidae-black-tailed-tityra-tityra-cayana

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