Amazonian Royal Flycatcher (Onychorhynchus coronatus)

Amazonian Royal Flycatcher

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Onychorhynchus coronatus | [UK] Amazonian Royal Flycatcher | [FR] Moucherolle royal | [DE] Kronentyrann | [ES] Atrapamoscas Real | [IT] Pigliamosche reale | [NL] Amazone-kroontiran

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Onychorhynchus coronatus SA Amazonia
Onychorhynchus coronatus castelnaui
Onychorhynchus coronatus coronatus

Physical charateristics

16-16.5 cm. Large-billed flycatcher, with spectacular, but rarely seen, crest. Largely uniform dull brown upperparts, with rufous rump and tail. Whitish throat, with rest of underparts ochraceous-orange. Striking crest is usually left flat, imparting hammerhead shape to head, but when raised is remarkable combination of scarlet, black and blue (yellow replaces red in female).

No sound available

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 15 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

The Amazonian Royal Flycather is found in forest and woodland throughout most of the Amazon basin in northern Bolivia, eastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, eastern Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern and western Brazil.

Habitat

It occurs in humid and deciduous lowland forest up to 1,200 m. Though recorded in degraded habitats, it is possible that it may forage in a wide range of habitats, but is reliant on intact, moister forest during the breeding season.

Reproduction

The nest is built by female and are suspended pensiles, 2 meter long, hanging from branches and vines above shady streams 2-6 meter above water or ground. Clutch size is two eggs which are incubated by female only. She also attends to and feeds the nestlings. No firther data.

Feeding habits

It forages from the understorey to subcanopy, and is often recorded within low-level mixed-species flocks. Hunts for anthropods by perching quietly, than a sudden sally to catch prey in flight.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 5,800,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Amazonian Royal Flycatcher status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Amazonian Royal Flycatcher range map

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Updated: May 8, 2011 — 1:00 am

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