Pale-breasted Thrush (Turdus leucomelas)

Pale-breasted Thrush

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Turdidae | [latin] Turdus leucomelas | [UK] Pale-breasted Thrush | [FR] Grive a poitrine pale | [DE] Fahlbrust-Drossel | [ES] Tordo de Pecho Palido | [NL] Vaalborstlijster

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Turdus leucomelas SA n, sc
Turdus leucomelas albiventer
Turdus leucomelas cautor
Turdus leucomelas leucomelas

Physical charateristics

The upper surface of this thrush is brown, except the head which is dark greyish. The breast, abdomen and sides of the body are grey, the throat being broadly streaked with white. The axillaries and under wing coverts are bright rufous and the eyes are dark red. The sexes are indistinguishable in the field.

Listen to the sound of Pale-breasted Thrush

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/P/Pale-breasted Thrush.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 23 cm size max.: 24 cm
incubation min.: 12 days incubation max.: 13 days
fledging min.: 16 days fledging max.: 13 days
broods: 4   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

South America : North, Southcentral

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest. Also found in forest borders and clearings as well as parks and gardens. In the coastal region of Surinam this is the commonest thrush, frequenting open forests and coffee plantations. It is now a common garden bird, breeding even in the middle of Paramaribo, but it also occurs in the sandy savannas further into the interior wherever there are scattered bushes or patches of forest.

Reproduction

The nest is a cup made out of dead grass and small twigs, lined with small dry roots. This thrush sometimes makes more than one nest, but will only use one. Nests are often found in human constructions. It will divert intruders by leaving the and calling from a distance. Once safe the thrush will return to breed. Clutch size is 2-3 eggs incubated by female only for about 12-13 days. YOung fledge after 16-17 days and are fed by both parents. Will have up to 4 broods a year. The excreta of the young were always taken away and dropped at some distance.

Feeding habits

Feeds on insects and fruits. The first are taken from leafs and branches by perchng and sallying or eaten from the ground. Highly adapted o humans it will feed on leftovers.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

Pale-breasted Thrush status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Pale-breasted Thrush distribution range map

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