White rumped Tanager (Cypsnagra hirundinacea)

White-rumped Tanager

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Cypsnagra hirundinacea | [UK] White-rumped Tanager | [FR] Tangara hirundinace | [DE] Weissburzeltangare | [ES] Bandoleta | [IT] Tangara dal groppone bianco | [NL] Witstuittangare

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Nephelornis hirundinacea
Cypsnagra hirundinacea SA c, sc
Cypsnagra hirundinacea hirundinacea
Cypsnagra hirundinacea pallidigula

Physical charateristics

It is identified by its conspicuous white rump on its otherwise black back and its rufous throat under its black head. It is noted for the duet sung between the male and the female while the pair perch close together but looking in the same direction, standing very upright and throwing their heads back as they belt it out.

Listen to the sound of White-rumped Tanager

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/W/White-rumped Tanager.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  

Range

Found in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Suriname

Habitat

Inhabit grasslands with short trees. Also known from the cerrado in Brazil.

Reproduction

Cup nests only 1-2 meters off the ground and made of woven grasses. Clutch size 3-4 blue eggs speckled around the large end with brown or black spots. Helpers born last season help mating pair tend the nest and nestlings.

Feeding habits

Eat insects on the ground in the grass or catch them in flight (also called sallying). Mostly beetles, crickets and grasshoppers, occasionally eat fruit.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Migration

Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

White rumped Tanager range map

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