Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus)

Purple Honeycreeper

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Cyanerpes caeruleus | [UK] Purple Honeycreeper | [FR] Guit-guit ceruleen | [DE] Purpurnaschvogel | [ES] Copeicillo Violaceo | [IT] Cianerpe purpurea | [NL] Purpersuikervogel

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Cyanerpes caeruleus SA nw, n
Cyanerpes caeruleus caeruleus
Cyanerpes caeruleus chocoanus
Cyanerpes caeruleus hellmayri
Cyanerpes caeruleus longirostris
Cyanerpes caeruleus microrhynchus

Physical charateristics

It has a long, slender, decurved black bill. The male is purplish blue with bright yellow legs. The lores, throat, wings and tail are black. The female is very different being mostly green above with buff round the eyes, a yellow throat with pale blue malar and pale yellow stripes on green underparts.

Listen to the sound of Purple Honeycreeper

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/P/Purple Honeycreeper.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 11 cm size max.: 12 cm
incubation min.: 12 days incubation max.: 13 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  

Range

The Purple Honeycreeper is distributed throughout most of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins as well as the Guianas, Trinidad and the Pacific coast of Colombia and Ecuador.

Habitat

This is a forest canopy species, but also occurs in cocoa and citrus plantations. At the upper limit of its altitudinal range, it frequents premontane rainforest, usually rather low-growing

Reproduction

The female Purple Honeycreeper builds a small cup nest in a tree, and incubates the clutch of two brown-blotched white eggs.

Feeding habits

They are often in large groups and/or mixed tanager flocks. They have a wide diet including insects and nectar as well as fruit.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 6,700,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Purple Honeycreeper status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Purple Honeycreeper range map

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