|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Sitta||pygmaea||NA, MA||sw Canada to w Mexico|
Listen to the sound of Pygmy Nuthatch
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||18||cm||wingspan max.:||22||cm|
|size min.:||9||cm||size max.:||11||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||17||days|
|fledging min.:||14||days||fledging max.:||22||days|
ow pine (the commercial name for ponderosa and Jeffrey pines) is main habitat element throughout mountains of West; also occurs in Monterey pine on California coast. In some places extends into pinyon-juniper woodland and redwood canyons. On rare visits t
o lowlands, likely to be in planted conifers.
Nest: Both sexes help excavate nest cavity in dead limb or snag, 8-
60′ above ground, usually higher than 20′. May tolerate some hole-nesting birds quite nearby (bluebirds, swallows) but not chickadees or other nuthatches. Nest in cavity is made of bark fibers, pl
ant down, feathers. Pair usually roosts at night in nest cavity prior to egg-laying.
Eggs: Usually 6-8, rarely 4-9. White, lightly dotted with reddish brown. Female incubates (15-16 days), is fed on nest by male and sometimes by additional helpers.
Young: Are fed by both parents and often by helpers. Young leave the nest at about 20-22 days. 1 brood per year, occasionally 2.
Diet in summer is primarily insects, especially beetles, wasps, caterpillars, and true bugs, also many others. In winter, also eats many seeds, especially pine seeds. Nestlings are fed mostly insects.
Forages mainly on outermost and highest branches of pines, including cones and needle clusters; also on main branches and trunks. Sometimes sallies out to catch flying insects in the air. Often stores seeds in holes or crevices in bark.