|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Helmitheros||vermivorum||NA||e USA||MA, West Indies|
Listen to the sound of Worm-eating Warbler
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||19||cm||wingspan max.:||20||cm|
|size min.:||11||cm||size max.:||13||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||14||days|
|fledging min.:||8||days||fledging max.:||9||days|
During breeding season, frequents dense deciduous woodlands. Prefers cool, shaded banks, sheer gullies, and steep, forested slopes covered with medium-sized trees and an undergrowth of saplings and shrubs. In winter in the tropics, forages alone in dense
thickets or in the forest undergrowth, usually near the ground.
Placed on ground, normally on hillside against a deciduous shrub or sapling, well concealed by dead leaves. Nest (constructed by female) is an open cup of dead leaves; lined with fungus filaments, hair moss, maple seed stems, and animal hair.
Eggs: 4-5, sometimes 3-6. White, with brown spots and blotches. Incubated by female alone, 13 days. In most areas, rarely parasitized by cowbirds, pos
sibly because it breeds mainly in dense woods far from edges. In some areas, parasitism by cowbirds appears to be more common.
Young: Fed by both parents. Leave the nest at 10 days of age. Probably 1 brood per year.
or never takes the earthworms that the name would seem to imply. Also feeds on small grasshoppers, bugs, ants, bees, walkingsticks, weevils, beetles, sawfly larvae, and spiders. Feeds nestlings on moths and grubs.
Behavior: Forages mostly in trees and shrubs. Probes in curled, dead leaves for insects, and searches on bark of trunks and limbs. Forages also on the ground, walking while seeking insects in the leaf litter.
Migrates mostly at night. Fall migration begins early, many moving south in August. Very rare stray in West, mostly in fall.