Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus)

Pine Warbler

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Parulidae | [latin] Dendroica pinus | [UK] Pine Warbler | [FR] Sylvette des Pins | [DE] Kiefern-Waldsanger | [ES] Chipe pinero | [NL] Dennezanger

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Dendroica pinus NA e s USA, Bahamas, Hispaniola
Dendroica pinus achrustera
Dendroica pinus chrysoleuca
Dendroica pinus florida
Dendroica pinus pinus

Physical charateristics

No other bright yellow-breasted warbler lacking other conspicuous field marks has white wing bars. Breast dimly streaked, back unstreaked;
white spots in tail corners. Female duller than male. Immature and autumn female obscure.

Listen to the sound of Pine Warbler

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/P/Pine Warbler.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 19 cm wingspan max.: 23 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 10 days incubation max.: 11 days
fledging min.: 10 days fledging max.: 11 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 5  

Range

North America : East

Habitat

Chiefly open pine woods, pine barrens. Usually breeds in open pine woods, especially southern longlea
f pine forest, sandy barrens of pitch pine with scrub oak undergrowth, jack pine barrens, and similar habitats. Also sometimes in cedar or cypress. In winter, occurs in a wider variety of habitats including heavily wooded bottomlands, orchards, thickets,
woodland edges.

Reproduction

Males begin singing on breeding territories in early February in the southern part of their range, in late March or early April in the north. Pairs have formed, built nests, and first eggs are laid by middle of April.
Nest: Sites located toward the ends of limbs of pines or occasionally other trees, usually 30-50′ above the ground, can be 8-
135′ up. Concealed from below by foliage. Nest (built by female) is deep, open cup of weed stalks, grass stems, strips of bark, pine needles, twigs, spider webs; lined with feathers.
Eggs: 3-5, usually 4. Off-white, with brown specks toward the large end. Incubation is by both parents, probably about 10 days.
Young: Both parents bring food for nestlings. Young leave the nest at 10 days of age. Pairs may raise 2-3 broods annually.

Feeding habits

Insects, seeds, berries.
Largely feeds on insects and spiders; diet includes grasshoppers, caterpillars, moths, beetles, ants, bugs, others. When few insects are available, often eats seeds of pine, grass, and weeds, also so
me berries. Will visit feeders for suet and other items.
Behavior:
Does much climbing on tree trunks and will walk on ground to forage. Gleans insects from foliage quite deliberately, sometimes hanging from needle clusters like a titmouse. Probes in pine cones for insects. In winter in the South, may forage in flocks wit
h Eastern Bluebirds.

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Pine Warbler status Least Concern

Migration

Eastern North America, West Indies. Winters in southern part of its range. In the West, casual west to Great Plains, accidental, farther west. Migration:
Tends to migrate early in spring and late in fall, and many southern birds may be non-migratory. Those living on islands in the Caribbean apparently are also permanent residents.

Distribution map

Pine Warbler distribution range map

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