|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
Listen to the sound of Carolina Chickadee
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||15||cm||wingspan max.:||20||cm|
|size min.:||10||cm||size max.:||12||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||15||days|
|fledging min.:||16||days||fledging max.:||19||days|
Mostly in deciduous forest, also in pine woods with good mixture of oak or other leafy trees, and will nest in well-wooded suburbs. Habitat like that of Black-capped Chickadee; where the two species overlap
in the Appalachians, Carolina Chickadee lives at lower elevations.
Nest: Site is in hole in tree, typically enlargement of small natural cavity in dead wood, sometimes old woodpecker hole or birdhouse, usually 5-
15′ above the ground. In natural cavity, both sexes help excavate or enlarge the interior. Nest (probably built by female) has foundation of bark strips or other matter, lining of softer material such as plant down and animal hair.
Eggs: 5-8. White, with fine dots of reddish brown often concentrated around larger end. Incubation is probably by female only, 11-13 days. Adult bird disturbed on nest makes loud hiss like that of a snake.
Young: Both parents feed nestlings. Young leave nest about 13-17 days after hatching.
Caterpillars major part of diet in warmer months; also feeds on moths, true bugs, beetles, aphids, other insects and spiders. Also eats seeds, berries, small fruits.
Behavior: Forages mostly by hopping among twigs and branches and gleaning food from surface, often hanging upside down to reach underside of branches. Sometimes takes food while hovering, and may fly out to catch insects in m
idair. Stores food items, retrieving them later. Comes to bird feeders for seeds or suet.