|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
Breeding male shows fully yellow head and underparts, contrast of yellow head with black neck-shawl diagnostic. Breeding female suggests dusky-backed Yellow Wagtail, and juvenile and 1st winter birds recall pale White Wagtail. Sexes dissimilar.
Listen to the sound of Citrine Wagtail
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||24||cm||wingspan max.:||28||cm|
|size min.:||15||cm||size max.:||17||cm|
|incubation min.:||11||days||incubation max.:||13||days|
|fledging min.:||14||days||fledging max.:||13||days|
In tundra belt, inhabits osier thickets on coast and on islands in large river deltas, perching often on bushes. Also by lakes on marshy-shrubby tundra, on wet sections of mountain tundra, and among willow bushes on tussocky mountain meadows.
In south in upper part of forest belt and in mountains, often in very damp places, also in river valleys in peaty hummocky bogs or marshy meadows covered with sparse low shrubs.
1) Picks items from ground or water surface while standing or walking on ground or wading in shallow water even up to belly, long legs being well adapted to this, and walk on floating leaves of water plants. Hunts prey flushed by grazing animals, bird walking around and between legs of cattle.
2) Immersion, in a development of picking, bird plunges head into water to catch insect larvae.
Flycatching, snatches insects flying past with brief upward flutter.
Motacilla citreola is a summer visitor to northern Russia and parts of central and
eastern Europe, which accounts for less than a quarter of its global breeding range.
Its European breeding population is large (>210,000 pairs), and was stable between
1970-1990. Although the trend of the stronghold population in Russia during 1990-
2000 was unknown, the species increased or was stable across the rest of its European
range, and there was no evidence to suggest that its status deteriorated significantly.
Most vagrants to Britain occur September-November with highest numbers on Fair Isle (Scotland). Spring records in Europe have increased in recent years, in line with range expansion.