|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Carpodacus||purpureus||NA||n, w, also nw Mexico|
i broad dark jaw stripe, dark ear patch, and broad light stripe behind the eye.
Listen to the sound of Purple Finch
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||22||cm||wingspan max.:||24||cm|
|size min.:||12||cm||size max.:||14||cm|
|incubation min.:||12||days||incubation max.:||13||days|
|fledging min.:||13||days||fledging max.:||15||days|
Breeds mostly in coniferous and mixed woods, both in forest interior and along edges. In Pacific states, also breeds in oak woodland and streamside trees. In migration and winter, found in a wide variety of wooded and se
mi-open areas, including forest, suburbs, swamps, and overgrown fields.
Nest: Placed on horizontal branch or fork of tree (usually conifer in East, deciduous trees often used in far West), often well out from trunk. Typically about 15-20′ above ground but may be lowe
r or up to 50′ high. Nest (probably built mostly by female) is compact open cup of twigs, weeds, rootlets, strips of bark, lined with fine grass, moss, animal hair.
Eggs: 4-5, sometimes 3-6. Pale greenish blue, marked with black and brown. Incubation is by female, about 13 days.
Young: Both parents feed the nestlings. Young leave nest about 2 weeks after hatching. 1 brood per year, possibly 2 in Pacific Coast region.
Feeds mainly on seeds in winter, including seeds of trees such as ash and elm, as well as weed and grass seeds. Also eats buds of many trees, and many berries and small fruits. Eats some insects such as caterpillars and beetles, mainly in summer. Young m
ay be fed mostly on seeds.
Behavior: Forages for seeds and insects up in trees and shrubs, also in low weeds and sometimes on the ground. When not nesting, may forage in small flocks. Comes to bird feeders.
Migrates in flocks, mostly traveling by day. Migration is spread over a considerable period in both spring and fall.