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May 08 2011

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Variegated Antpitta (Grallaria varia)

Variegated Antpitta

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Formicariidae | [latin] Grallaria varia | [UK] Variegated Antpitta | [FR] Grallaire roi | [DE] Grosse Bartameisenpitta | [ES] Tororoi Pintado | [IT] Pitta formichiera variegata | [NL] Bonte Koningsmierpitta

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Grallaria varia SA Amazonia, se SA
Grallaria varia cinereiceps
Grallaria varia distincta
Grallaria varia imperator
Grallaria varia intercedens
Grallaria varia varia

Physical charateristics

Forehead olive brown, crown and nape grey. Olive brown mantle with the feathers having a narrow black edge. Dark brown wings with dakrer margins, tail chestnut. Chin and throat dark brown becoming less dark on the chest. Frontside with yellowish feather streaks. Sexws are alike.

Listen to the sound of Variegated Antpitta

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/V/Variegated Antpitta.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 18 cm size max.: 20 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 17 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

Variegated Antpitta is found in the Guianas and Venezuela to the west; in the Amazon Basin, it is found in the downstream half of the Basin, also the Atlantic outlet region to the southeast, of the neighboring Tocantins-Araguaia River drainage. A minor disjunct population is in Peru, and the Argentinian population is found in the tongue of land between Paraguay and southern Brazil.

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes

Reproduction

Only sings during nesting. Nst is built low above ground (up to 3 meter) and consists of damp moss and dead leaves. Often located on top of a dead stump or cervice of tree. Clutch size is 2 eggs, incubated by female only for about 17 days. After hatching both parents care for the young.

Feeding habits

Feeds on worms and other invertebrates. Forages preferably in wet open spaces inside forest. In Sirnam found in elevated forest regions.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 3,200,000 km

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