Female resembles E. melanocephala but many show greenish-olive or grey tone on crown and back, while a few have buff-chestnut on forecrown, lower throat and upper breast.
Call distinctive. Sexes dissimilar, individual and seasonal variation in male.
Listen to the sound of Red-headed Bunting
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||25||cm||wingspan max.:||28||cm|
|size min.:||16||cm||size max.:||17||cm|
|incubation min.:||10||days||incubation max.:||14||days|
|fledging min.:||0||days||fledging max.:||14||days|
Occupies all kinds of shrubby and herbaceous thickets, scattered in thin patches over relatively open countryside, but is highly typical of cultivated areas, seeking out water. Often nests close to human habitations, and ascends mountains freely to C. 2000 m.
Nest site is vuilt in low vegetation and well hidden in dense or thorny shrub, vine, fruit tree, etc., or very close to ground in thick grass. Nest concists rather loose and untidy foundation of stems of cereals, rough grasses, Umbelliferae and Cruciferae, etc., often with flowers attached, sometimes pieces of bark or leaves. Lined with fine grass, plant fibres, rootlets, and hair.
3-6 eggs, incubation about 10-14 days, by female only.
Emberiza bruniceps has a predominantly Asian breeding distribution, which just
extends into Europe in southern Russia. Its European breeding population is very
small (as few as 250 pairs), but underwent a large increase between 1970-1990. No
trend data were available for 1990-2000, but there is no evidence to suggest that it
declined. Although the size of the European population could render it susceptible
to the risks affecting small populations, it is marginal to a much larger non-European